The first nurnberger tiergarten at luitpoldhain
At the beginning of the last century, in may 1912, the first nurnberg zoo was opened at the luitpold grove. This was made possible among other things by the nurnberger burger. Through their commitment and the purchase of shares, they contributed significantly to the financing of the zoo. The model for the first zoo was the hagenbeck zoo in hamburg, which was considered particularly innovative at the time.
The nurnberg zoo soon enjoyed great popularity and the number of animals grew rapidly to over 1.000 animals at. During the first world war and the inflation that followed, it was once again thanks to the efforts and donations of the citizens of nurnberg that the animals survived the difficult times.
In the 1920-ies the years of privation for the zoo and its inhabitants were over, nevertheless the days of the first nurnberg zoo were paid off. Almost to the day, 27 years after its opening, nurnberg’s first zoo had to close in february 1939. Among other things, the congress hall at the luitpold grove was built in its place.
The zoo finds a new home at schmausenbuck
The people responsible for the zoo at that time did not remain inactive after the schliebungsbeschlub. They searched and found a rough land at the schmausenbuck, which is so scenic that the zoo nurnberg pays today as one of the most beautiful in europe. In may 1939, the people of nuernberg were able to take a look at the new zoo.
But history was to repeat itself: shortly after the opening, almost all the buildings were destroyed by the second world war. Almost all of the animals died during the war, but especially after it ended. Only after american soldiers took care of the protection of the zoo, the plundered and dead animals were hoarded.
The reconstruction of the nurnberg landscape zoo
Allmahlich the zoo nurnberg was rebuilt during the following 13 years. In the course of the next decades, numerous other visitor attractions were added. These include the tropical house, the gorilla enclosure and the natural history house. The nurnberg zoo is also successfully involved in the breeding and reintroduction of endangered species. For example, the last red-headed sheep and prince alfred deer were saved from extinction.
One of the last dolphinaria in germany
However, not everything that was created in the past in the zoo nurnberg is undisputed. In particular, the dolphinarium, introduced in august 1971, provoked increasingly harsh controversy. In germany, there is now only a dolphinarium in the duisburg zoo, apart from the one in nurnberg. While many zoos have abandoned the dolphinarium for the sake of the mammals, the nurnberg zoological garden has been expanding.
Interesting in this context is a quote from 1941 by heinz schmeibner:"… If the zoo is to be a real recreational area, it has to get rid of everything that reminds one of a circus and an animal show." A true and very wise thought, which has lost none of its validity to this day, on the contrary.
In other european countries, such as italy, switzerland and the uk, the keeping of the dolphins is now explicitly prohibited. This quote and further information about the eventful history of the landscape zoo can be found in the anniversary brochure of the nurnberg zoo.
Besides the landscape zoo at schmausenbuck, there are many other wildlife parks and zoos in franconia: you will find information and news about them in our overview.
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